Timur Shchukin, Oleg Nogovitsin. Leontius of Byzantium and his treatise “Refutation of syllogisms of Severus”. Vol. 4. No. 2. 2019

Publication Details

Leontius of Byzantium and his treatise “Refutation of syllogisms of Severus”
Title in the language of publication: Леонтий Византийский и его трактат «Опровержение силлогизмов Севира»
Timur Shchukin
Associate Research Fellow at the Sociological institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Address: 25/14 7-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya str., St. Petersburg 190005, Russia.

Oleg Nogovitsin
PhD in Philosophy, Senior Researcher at the Sociological institute of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Sciences at the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University.
Address: 25/14 7-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya str., St. Petersburg 190005, Russia.
P. 165–190.
Language: Russian
Document type: Research Article (introdaction)
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project number 19-011-00778 “Leontium of Byzantium and Patristics”


The article is a foreword to a publication of commented translation of the Christological treatise by Leontius of Byzantium, a Byzantine theologian of the end of the V — the first half of the VI century, Solutio argumentorum a Severe objectorum (in brief — Solutio), written in support of Chalcedonian Definition against Monophysites of Severian branch. The treatise belongs to the corpus of extant Leontius’ writings and is one of his latest works, probably the last one. In the foreword, we describe the composition of the corpus with indication of the place the treatise has within it; we examine the versions of identifying the person of Leontius with the historic persons of that period known from other sources, which are proposed in the research literature; we discuss the question of chronology of writing the works which constitute the “Leontius’ corpus” and, in particular, that of Solutio; we provide the facts on extant manuscripts of the treatise and on the tradition of its publication. The foreword then renders a critical review of research literature on the treatise. First, we analyze the problem of correlation of Leontius’ of Byzantium position on the issue of common and individual nature of humanity within Christ in the text of Solutio and earlier treatise Contra Nestorianos et Eutychianos. The given problem is one of the most important in modern scientific discussions on the Christian theology of the V — the first third of the VII century, taking into account also the fact that the dating of Leontius’ treatise directly depends on interpretation of the conceptual content of these writings due to the lack of verified data on their author. The translation is performed on the basis of critical edition by Brian Daley: Leontius of Byzantium. Complete Works. Edition and English translation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017 (Oxford Early Christian Texts).


Christology, Byzantine philosophy, Leontius of Byzantium, Solutio argumentorum a Severe objectorum, Severus of Antioch, John Philoponus, Chalcedonites, Monophysites.


Cross R. (2002) “Individual Natures in the Christology of Leontius of Byzantium”. Journal of Early Christian Studies. Vol. 10. No. 2: 245–265.

Daley В. Е. (1978) Leontius of Byzantium: A Critical Edition of his Works, with Prolegomena (Ph.D. dissertation, Oxford University).

Daley В. Е. (1985) “The Christology of Leontius of Byzantium: Personalism or Dialectics”. Arianism: historical and theological reassessments: papers from the Ninth International Conference on Patristic Studies, September 5–10, 1983, Oxford, England (ed. by R. C. Gregg). Cambridge, MA: Philadelphia Patristic Foundation: 2–13.

Daley В. Е. (1993) “A Richer Union: Leontius of Byzantium and the Relationship of Human and Divine in Christ”. Studia patristica. Vol. 24: 239–265.

Daley B. E. (ed.) (2017) Leontius of Byzantium. Complete Works (ed. and English tr.). Oxford: Oxford University Press (Oxford Early Christian Texts).

Davydenkov O. (2007) Hristologicheskaya sistema Sevira Antiohijskogo: Dogmaticheskij analiz [Christological system of Severus of Antioch: A dogmatical analysis]. Moscow: Izd-vo PSTGU. (in Russian).

Draguet R. (1924) Julien d’Halicarnasse et sa controverse avec Sévère d’Antioche sur l’incorruptibilité du corps du Christ. Louvain.

Evans D. (1970) Leontius of Byzantium: Аn Origenist Christology. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks (Dumbarton Oaks Studies. Vol. 13).

Evans D. (1980) “Leontius of Byzantium and Dionysius the Areopagite”. Byzantine Studies. Vol. 7: 1–34.

Gockel M. (2000) “A Dubious Christological Formula? Leontius of Byzantium and the Anhypostasis-Enhypostasis Theory”. Journal of Theological Studies. Vol. 51. No. 2: 515–532.

Grillmeier A., Hainthaler T. (1995) Christ in Christian Tradition. Vol. 2. From the Council of Chalcedon (451) to Gregory the Great (590–604). Part 2. The Church of Constantinople in the sixth century (tr. by J. Cawte, P. Allen). London: Mowbray; Louisville, KY: WJK.

Henry R. (ed.) (1960) Photius. Bibliothèque. 9 vols. Vol. 2: Codices 84–185. Paris: Les Belles lettres.

Kotter B., hg. (1981) Johannes von Damaskos “Liber de haeresibus”. Die Schriften des Johannes von Damaskos. Bd. IV: Liber dehaeresibus. Opera polemica. Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter (Patristische Texte und Studien. Bd. 22): 19–67.

Krausmüller D. (2011) “Making Sense of the Formula of Chalcedon: the Cappadocians and Aristotle in Leontius of Byzantium’s Contra Nestorianos et Eutychianos”. Vigiliae Christianae. Vol. 65. No. 5: 484–513.

Lebon I. (ed.) (1938) Severi Antiocheni liber contra impium Grammaticum. Oratio prima et orationis secundae quae supersunt. Louvain: Peeters Publishers (Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium. Vol. 112; Scriptores Syri. T. 59 (IV, 4)).

Loofs F. (1887) Leontius von Byzanz und die gleichnamigen Schriftsteller der griechischen Kirche. 1. Buch: Das Leben und die polemischen Werke des Leontius von Byzanz. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung.

Lourié B. (2006) Istoriya vizantiiskoi filosofiiFormativnyi period [The History of Byzantine Philosophy. The Formative Period]. St. Petersburg: Axiōma. (in Russian).

Lourié B. (2015) “Leontius of Byzantium and His ‘Theory of Graphs’ against John Philoponus”. The Ways of Byzantine Philosophy (ed. by M. Knežević). Alhambra, CA: Sebastian Press; Western American Diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church; Faculty of Philosophy, Kosovska Mitrovica (Contemporary Christian thought series. Vol. 32): 143–170.

Perrone L. (1980) “Il Dialogo contro gli aftartodoceti» di Leonzio di Bisanzio e Severo di Antiochia”. Cristianesimo nella storia. Vol. 1: 411–443.

Rashed M. (2007) “Un texte proto-byzantin sur les universaux et la Trinité”. L’héritage aristotélicien: textes inédits de l’Antiquité. Sous la direction de M. Rashed. Paris: Les Belles Lettres: 345–377.

Richard M. (1938) “Leontius et Pamphile”. Revue des Sciences Philosophique et Theologique. Vol. 27: 27–52.

Richard М. (1944) “Léonce de Jerusalem et Léonce de Byzance”. Mélanges de Science Religieuse. Vol. 1: 35–88.

Richard M. (1947) “Leontius de Byzance étail-il origéniste? ” Revue des études byzantines. Vol. 5: 31–66.

Schwartz E. (hg.) (1939) Kyrillos von Skythopolis. Leipzig: Hinrichs (Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur. Bd. 49.2).

Shchukin T. (2016) “Identity in Difference: Substance and Nature in Leontius of Byzantium’s Writings
”. Scrinium. Journal of Patrology, Critical Hagiography, and Ecclesiastical History. Vol. 12: 308–321.

Shchukin T., Nogovitsin O. (2019) “Difficulties in Particular: Theological and Historical Context of the Anonymous Treatise ‘On the Common Nature and the Trinity’”. Scrinium. Journal of Patrology, Critical Hagiography, and Ecclesiastical History. Vol. 15: 218–238.

Zhyrkova A. (2017) “Leontius of Byzantium and the Concept of Enhypostaton. A Critical Re-evaluation”. Forum Philosophicum. Vol. 22. No. 2: 193–218.

© Timur Shchukin, 2019  © Oleg Nogovitsin, 2019

Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.